In the online paper of The Belfast Telegraph I came across these heart-driven sentences:
We’ll reinforce the stereotype on Arthur’s Day
That the Paddy is a guttersnipe on Arthur’s Day
A bestial dog just up from the bog no manners in his head
We’ll drink and stink and curse and worse and soil our sodden beds
On Arthur’s Day.’
Has there ever been a scam like Arthur’s Day, as contemptuous of the people it targets, as disrespectful of the culture and especially of the music it misuses to make its play, as depressing in the extent to which the people made fools of simper with pleasure and cry out for more?”
The lyrics are from a song by Mike Scott and the rhetorical questions that come with them are posed by the article’s author Eamonn McCann.
The question for all people – including myself – less familiar with Ireland and the alcohol culture there, what, in fact, is Arthur’s Day? I had heard of St. Patrick’s Day. But Arthur’s Day? Luckily Eamonn McCann gives the answer:
Arthur’s Day was dreamt up by a PR agency hired by the multi-billion multi-national booze outfit Diageo to boost sales of one of its concoctions. The event was launched in 2009, supposedly marking the 250th anniversary of Guinness starting production in Dublin. The idea was to use an instantly recognisable, stereotypical image of Ireland to create a phony occasion of celebration for branded export around the world.
Like all pushers of drugs, legal or otherwise, Arthur’s Day targeted younger users. Hence the huge emphasis on popular music.”
That Eamonn McCann is not making up yet another conspiracy theory but rather hits the nail on its head in his analysis can be read in a blog by Vince on our website, who one and a half years ago described how Big Alcohol operates in the USA to artificially manufacture new holidays, meaning new occasions for alcohol use. Vince wrote back then:
What comes through from an analysis of this list is just how hard the alcohol industry has worked to create a series of events from foreign lands, religious observations, and sporting events to increase alcohol use.
There does seem to be an attempt to develop at least one of these events a month – and so far January, June, August and September haven’t generated an event to date. It will be interesting to see what the alcohol industry comes up with.”
The global alcohol industry operates all over the world with the same unethical methods to make more and more people, and younger and younger people use alcohol. Of course Diageo itself claims they invest all that money into Arthur’s Day because of their commitment to Irish “culture”.
I listened to an RTÉ radio interview with Tanya Clarke of Diageo (Western Europe Category Marketing Director for Beers) and Dr. Bobby Smyth, board member of Alcohol Action Ireland, and Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, Health Service Executive.
If you took some minutes to follow this radio conversation you understand that “responsibility” and “culture and tradition” are the two arguments that Diageo is propagating. The whole “responsibility” issue will be dealt with in a seperate blogg entry soon. Here I just want to point out that a few problems inherent in Big Alcohol’s talk of responsibility:
- They keep citing – like the Diageo representative did – their “own study” – something that now undergraduate can do to make a logical claim in a paper or seminar discussion. Independent evidence is the way to go but not for Diageo apparently.
- They keep citing – like the Diageo representative did – their self-regulation codes when it comes to marketing and also they invoke all the tremendous efforts they are making to sell alcohol “responsibly”. Time and time again it’s proven that self-regulation is not working and is systematically undermined by Big Alcohol. And when it comes to responsible selling and serving, in countries like Ireland minors get alcohol fairly easily and people are often over-served.Dr. Bobby Smyth also refutes the claims by Diageo about the responsibility pretty powerfully: he mentions that in Ireland “children see more alcohol ads than adults do.” and that Big Alcohol “is permitted to advertise alcohol during programs that are preferentially watched by children.”
- The Diageo representative had been asked four (!) times in this twenty minutes talk whether she thinks putting Arthur’s Day right at the end of “Fresher’s Week” was problematic in their view, and she managed to ignore the question three times and only produced a vague answer the fourth time saying they would review Arthur’s Day again.Young people are targeted by this marketing event and Diageo has trouble concealing it. The selection of acts speaks clearly. The timing of this year’s Arthur’s Day is another clear example. The earlier young people start using alcohol the longer they will contribute to Big Alcohol’s profits and the more they will use during their life, having higher risks for developing addiction.
- And almost by the way the Diageo has to admit that they operate by giving special concessions to the pubs during Arthur’s Day to encourage them to sell alcohol at lower prices. The lower the price the more alcohol is used (and more harm caused).The other claim Diageo is making in their defense of Arthur’s Day is that they promote culture. You can hear the Diageo representative talk about “talent”, “art”, saving the Irish pubs, and some more references to culture. How come Diageo, a London-based multinational corporation cares about Irish culture? How come they promote Arthur’s Day events in a map of Ireland with a beer brand next to every site that will have an event? Not a guitar or a harp, no their own beer brand.
Here is what our friends from Alcohol Action Ireland have to say concerning this issue:
Arthur’s Day is neither an altruistic nor philanthropic initiative. It’s a very well-resourced marketing campaign to increase the sales of Diageo products,” says Suzanne Costello who is the new CEO of Alcohol Action Ireland.
The reality is that alcohol, and not music, takes centre stage on Arthur’s Day, which is an alcohol marketing event that serves exactly the same function as the alcohol industry’s sponsorship of sports and arts events, which is to increase awareness of an alcohol brand, sell more of that alcohol and, ultimately, increase shareholder profit.
An avalanche of marketing messages portraying alcohol as a hugely positive product is followed by a request for people to ‘drink responsibly’, but only, as ever, after they are first and foremost encouraged to drink, and in this particular case, to start early by raising a pint just before 6 p.m. on a Thursday evening,” says Ms Costello.
Most of the listeners that commented the radio show were highly critical of Diageo and Arthur’s Day but there was also one raising the question whether also other days like Christmas, birthdays and St. Patrick’s Day should be banned.
And here I wish Dr. Bobby Smyth would have had a more powerful answer. Of course it’s not about banning Christmas or birthdays or St. Patrick’s Day.
But it is about two important dimensions:
- Curbing the corporate influence on culture. Globally operating industries like Big Alcohol, and Diageo is a leader here, want to spread one and the same patterns of behaviour and similar ways of life all over the world. That’s how they earn money.And it means that they actually erode and undermine festive days, their sacred meanings and family traditions to celebrate those days. We in Europe might not see this anymore but indigenous people and our friends in Africa and Asia (the continents that Diageo calls emerging markets) they feel that pressure now and ever increasing, that it gets harder to maintain culture and tradition as they have known it for decades and centuries.
- Making sure that especially festive days protect children and promote the rights of children. What is Christmas for if not for children? What are other cultural holidays for if not to offer an occasion to revisit values, customs, remember “what and who brought us here, to this point”?All too often today children suffer during those days because of grown-ups alcohol use, because alcohol has taken center stage and not the children, the future generation that ought to benefit from those holidays.
Surely it must be possible to happily, light-heartedly celebrate birthdays free from alcohol when children are around, and especially when it’s a childrens’ party. Surely Christmas is for children.
The global alcohol industry wants us to think that all those events are for each and every individual, thus eroding sense of community and our common responsibility for the traditions and customs that those days used to be about.
With those reflections I want to leave you. And I want to share with you what two Irish artists have to say:
Here is Christy Moore, who sings:
Diageo Diageo have mounted a Crusade,Creating Arthur’s Day they’ve suckered us into their charade…
Happy Happy Happy Happy Happy Arthur’s Day,It’s such a happy clappy advertising scheme…”
And here is once more a verse from Mike Scott in all honesty:
We’ll leave the streets in tatters on Arthur’s Day
‘Cos drink is all that matters on Arthur’s Day
We’ll raise a glass, fall on our ass and never give a damn
Or have a bother that we’re all just fodder for an advertising scam
On Arthur’s Day.
Down with Arthur’s Day!”
For further reading:
Vince’s blog on how Big Alcohol manufactures more alcohol use occasions in the USA: “Tipsy Holidays In The USA“
All Irish newspaper articles dealing with Arthur’s Day
Belfast Telegraph article: How we bought into the PR scam that is Arthur’s Day
Jim Carroll in The Irish Times article “Arthur’s Day and the turning of the tide“: “What we’re seeing with Arthur’s Day and Arthur Guinness Projects are power-plays. Unlike traditional sponsorship plays, these new initiatives see the patron trying to exert more power and influence from the relationship without paying more for it. The AGP is a case in point, a (hugely successful) attempt by Guinness to get nearly the entire artistic and cultural community to do their bidding for free.
Why are people saying ‘Down with Arthur’s Day‘? article in The Journal.
The last thing Ireland needs is another excuse to alcohol, says an article in The irish Times citing evidence that the death rate due to cirrhosis has doubled in the last two decades.