Tagged: Heavy Episodic Alcohol Use

NEWS: Switzerland: Binge Alcohol Use Rising

A new study has found that binge alcohol use is rising in Switzerland. Overall alcohol consumption is reducing in Switzerland. However, according to a study binge alcohol use is on the rise. Binge alcohol use mean 5 beers for men and 4 beers for women. The study argues work stress may be a factor contributing to this harmful trend…

NEWS: Uber Fuels Heavy Alcohol Consumption

A new study has found the emergence of Uber fuels heavy alcohol consumption in the United States. Three economists – Jacob Burgdorf and Conor Lennon of the University of Louisville, and Keith Teltser of Georgia State University – have found in a new study that the popularity of ride-sharing apps such as Uber has increased heavy alcohol use…

NEWS: Canada: Early Alcohol Onset Predicts Later Harm

A new study in Canada found early alcohol onset predicts harm in later life. Four scholars at the University of Waterloo surveyed more than 19,000 high school students in Ontario and Alberta over two academic years starting in 2013. They tracked the teens’ self-reported alcohol use and smoking habits…

REPORT: Consistency of Alcohol User Status Over Time

Most survey respondents who reported that they had never consumed alcohol in 2016 did report consuming at least some alcohol (or at least being an ex-drinker) in previous surveys. Self-report of lifetime abstention may not be accurately separating lifetime abstainers from ex-alcohol users, possibly biasing work on the harms and benefits of “moderate” consumption…

NEWS: Japan’s Harmful Alcohol Norm

In Japan there is an age old pervasive alcohol norm. This has been harming the Japanese people, and leading to high alcohol consumption. Japan’s alcohol norm pushes people to use alcohol in everyday settings, at work with their superiors and leads to intoxicated people being passed out in the streets. Alcohol has been associated with building relationships both personal and business…

REPORT: Alcohol Binge-Induced Cardiovascular Dysfunction Involves Endocannabinoid–CB1-R Signaling

Acute alcohol binge was associated with elevated levels of cardiac endocannabinoid anandamide and profound cardiovascular dysfunction lasting for several hours and redistribution of circulation. These changes were attenuated by CB1-R antagonist or in CB1-R knockout mice. The results suggest that a single alcohol binge has profound effects on the cardiovascular system, which involve endocannabinoid–CB1-R signaling…

REPORT: Neurobiological and Cognitive Profile of Young Binge Alcohol Users

Using the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) Evidence Profile, the certainty in outcomes ranged from very low to low. Future prospective longitudinal studies should address concomitant factors, exposure thresholds, and age-related vulnerabilities of binge alcohol use, as well as the degree of recovery following discontinuation of use…

REPORT: Trajectories of Alcohol Use Problems based on Early Adolescent Alcohol Use

This analysis identifies three groups of adolescent alcohol users with differing patterns of use. Emergent binge alcohol users likely require public policy responses to alcohol use whereas increasing heavy alcohol users are potentially able to be identified individually on the basis of patterns of alcohol use and social variables. This group may benefit from psychosocial interventions and are unlikely to respond to a broad public health approach…

REPORT: Binge Alcohol Use and Prescription Opioid Misuse in the U.S.

More than half of the 4.2 million people who misused prescription opioids during 2012–2014 were binge alcohol users, and binge alcohol users had nearly twice the odds of misusing prescription opioids, compared with abstainers. Widespread use of evidence-based strategies for preventing binge alcohol use might reduce opioid misuse and overdoses involving alcohol…