Proximity to Alcohol Sellers and Dose-Response Relationship Between Alcohol Consumption With Intimate Partner Violence in Rural Southwestern Uganda
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with several adverse public health outcomes and alcohol use is one of its risk factors. Proximity to alcohol selling points could be linked with alcohol problems and IPV. This study aimed to determine whether proximal location to alcohol and intensity of alcohol consumption are associated with IPV in rural southwest Uganda.
The researchers conducted a cross-sectional study in rural southwest Uganda with structured interviews at the household level. The study used the alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT) and the Conflict Tactics Scale to measure past-year alcohol consumption and IPV (perpetration and victimization). The study estimated Euclidean distances between participants’ households and nearest alcohol outlets using geographic information systems. The study used generalized estimating equation models to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for the factors associated with IPV.
This study enrolled 742 participants and the median age was 41 years (interquartile range or IQR 32-53) and 52.2% of respondents were male. The overall prevalence of IPV in the past year was 52.2%. In a multivariable regression model, women (aOR = 2.24, 95%CI 1.28, 3.91) compared to men, those living proximal to an alcohol selling point (OR = 1.77, 95% CI 1.38, 2.27) were more likely to experience IPV. There was a dose-response relationship between alcohol consumption and IPV. With non-users as the reference category, the aORs were 4.54 (95% CI 2.04, 10.08) for casual alcohol users, 10.53 (95% CI 4.15, 26.77) for hazardous alcohol users and 15.31 (95% CI 4.73, 49.54) for alcohol-dependent users.
IPV is very common and has a dose-response relationship with alcohol consumption and alcohol outlet proximity. There is an urgent need for IPV and alcohol intervention programs in these rural communities. Policy to restrict the proximity of alcohol outlets to residential locations should be examined as an intervention for alcohol consumption and IPV perpetration.