Alcohol Industry, Corporate Social Responsibility and Country Features in Latin America
Introduction and Aims
Research on corporate behavior can contribute to the understanding of the possible adverse impacts of alcohol‐industry corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives and their potential influence on policymaking. This study explores the association between alcohol‐industry CSR activities and selected country features in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Design and Methods
Nine health experts evaluated 148 CSR activities using a standardised protocol; activities were classified into the categories risk management CSR (rmCSR), that is, to avoid/rectify externalities (n = 67), and strategic CSR, that is, to fulfill philanthropic responsibilities (n = 81). The researchers evaluated the associations, separately, between the number of rmCSR and of strategic CSR actions in each country with threats from public health measures (specifically, the level of research into alcohol consumption and harms, the existence of an alcohol surveillance system and the number of governmental alcohol policy actions) and per capita alcohol consumption; the analysis was adjusted by economic indices (country income level and the gross domestic product) and population size.
Multivariate analyses showed that the higher the level of alcohol research within a country and its per capita consumption, the more likely rmSCR activities were to occur, independently of the country’s economic development or population.
Discussion and Conclusions
Results suggest rmSCR actions could be implemented as a way to preserve markets by counteracting scientific evidence about alcohol related harms. This evidence could serve as a starting point to future research, contributing to the understanding of alcohol industry behavior and the advancement of effective public policies.